Expedition: What Went Wrong

I have been putting off writing this post for weeks now. It is going to be difficult. Knowing that what I have to say is not necessarily the most positive or the most inviting piece. Sometimes it is hard being the honest one, the one who says what they think, the one who stands up for others, the one who says what no-one wants to hear and the one who will put themselves up for unpopularity by saying the controversial.
But I pride myself on being honest to myself and honest to those around me. If I did not write this piece I would be doing an injustice to myself, my readers who trust me, and the people about whom I write. Maybe it is naivety but I still believe that truth will prevail and that it is better to speak out in the hope of positive change.
Let’s begin.
I have written extensively about the Green & Black’s Community Development Programme expedition over the past month. I have described in detail about some of the major parts of the expedition – the digging, the homestay, the research and the local people. However, I have held back from telling you about a large factor of this expedition for me – I came home unhappy.
You see, we did not complete the objective our expedition as set out by Green & Black’s and Raleigh International. We did not turn on that tap in La Laguna. We did not provide safe, drinking water to the community. We did not finish all the trenches as originally anticipated. In effect, we failed.
In both our training sessions – one held in London in February and one in Santo Domingo when we arrived – we were given an outline of the work we were to complete, told how incredibly difficult it was going to be but were assured it would be worth it when we turn on that tap at the end of the expedition. But something went wrong.
To me it was clear early on that the project would not be completed. From observing the progress we made each day in digging the trenches I could see that there was no way we would reach the village within two weeks. Digging the road was just too labour-intensive and even with the slow-moving digger we just weren’t making enough headway to complete even just one section of the piping, never mind the other trenches the Project Managers had planned.
Further to this, we found when we arrived that the communities had already dug the majority of the trenches and laid the pipe work from the source up in the hills. In fact, around 9.5 kilometres had already been completed by the local communities. We were informed in our training session in Santo Domingo that we were expected to do the last 2 kilometres. That is 2 kilometres, 80 cm deep, in dry clay ground in 9 working days.
Frankly, the estimation of our ability to complete this task was weak.  At the time of training we did not know that two Diggers would turn up to assist us, and even with those we did not complete the trenches. So how the Project Manager’s thought we could complete this with manual labour is bizarre.
A month on from returning to the UK, we have been informed that there is still no water in La Laguna. Not only had we failed in our expedition objective but it would seem that the communities we came to care so much about are still with the fresh water they were hoping for. It would seem that the expectations of all those involved have been really let down.
So what was the point of being there?
A huge expense from Green & Black’s, a massive effort from the volunteers, and the time we had given up to be there – was there actually any Community Development in La Laguna?
This a complex answer but I shall try to simplify it for this post. Yes, in some ways there were some successes. I know for sure that the community of La Laguna were thrilled to host us, to share their lives with us and connect with us. Having the expedition volunteers work and stay with them was encouraging and hopefully gave them confidence in what they do (if nothing else, our enthusiasm for the cocoa must have pleased them).  In other ways no, being there was not that helpful in the grand scheme of things.
Not all development is good development
Poverty is not necessarily exacerbated by lack of finance. Often poverty is about lack of capabilities, lack of skills, lack of knowledge, lack of basic needs and infrastructure, lack of access, lack of voices, and lack of choice.
The approach to this expedition was clearly narrow-sighted. The goal was to finish the trenches and so, our days were one long slog of intensive labour. This led to tiredness and tensions within the group as abilities and attitudes varied as much as the individuals did. Furthermore it was apparent by the end of the first week that this was not necessarily going to be a successful project. If the definition of Community Development Programme was widened to include a range of activities and interactions with the local communities I believe that the successes would be wider felt despite the failure to connect the taps to fresh water. Furthermore, the impact of a bunch of Westerners descending on the small, remote community in the hills of the Dominican Republic needs to be addressed.
I believe Green & Black’s needs to take a more dynamic view of Community Development, what it means and how to fulfil its responsibilities as an ethical brand by ensuring that expeditions like this in the future are fulfilling for all those involved. Furthermore, it would be fruitful to assess all of the possible options for empowering the local communities involved, by engaging with them more fully rather than just providing support in manual labour (because quite frankly, our physical efforts would not have been missed that much).
I would have liked to have seen a more varied approach to the expedition. As it was, myself and another member of the group took it upon ourselves to get involved with the community in different ways – I conducted some research and instigated some interesting discussions with community members, whilst a fellow volunteer had brought Spanish-language children’s books to give to the school-children. In both these instances it was apparent that there was so much more we could contribute to the communities. I would like to see less pressure put on the achievement of physical goals (particularly when it was obviously not achievable) and more opportunities to engage with other activities that could include working with schoolchildren, working on the farms, spending time with the women of the village and teaching English to the secondary and university-aged youngsters.  Yes, the majority of the money donated by Green & Black’s was for the purpose of providing clean, safe water but in this case our presence was not necessary for solely one activity.
Was the Community Development Project a success?
I do not think it is sufficient to measure the success and failures of the project based on the privileged opinions of those at Green & Black’s, Raleigh International and Conacado. The communities of La Laguna, Rincon Honda and La Guazarita need to be involved in the evaluation of whether the project worked and how a Community Development Programme in the Dominican Republic could work more efficiently with more enriching results for all parties involved.
Development needs to be sustainable.
Was this a sustainable project? Are there any measurable indicators by which to understand this? I do not think it is responsible business practice, let alone good development practice to not follow-up on the expedition with an impact assessment and appraisal that involves the community members. After all, we can merely speculate as to the success or failures of the project, and the gatekeepers for local knowledge in the Dominican Republic are Conacado – the cooperative who are in business with Green & Black’s.
My hope with sharing this perspective with you is that you might think about community development in various ways. I hope you understand that expeditions are never easy. I hope that approaches to International Development are carefully thought-out, understood, assessed and evaluated. I hope that Green & Black’s continue to contribute to the communities that provide their organic and fair-trade produce. And I hope that improvements are made on what (and we must remember this) was the pilot episode of this Community Development Programme.


EDIT: There appear to be some problems with Blogger commenting. Please try signing into your Blogger account first before commenting (that is what I did) or email your comment to and I will publish it for you. Also remember to copy your comment before trying to publish in case you lose it (again, that happened to me and I had to rewrite it).
  1. Such an interesting post, and I'm so impressed that you had the guts to write it. it must have really been eating away at you!

    Curious, was the community in La Laguna told that they'd have running water by the end of your time there? Were they just as disappointed?

  2. Siany – Yes, the community were expecting the taps to be turned on. On our final day in La Laguna we attended what was meant to be an Inauguration Ceremony along with the villagers and some 'VIPs'. But the pipes had burst at several points along the way.

    As for how they felt? We have no idea really as we had to leave immediately. Plus the remote location of their village makes it incredibly difficult to communicate with them.

    They are still working on the water system but the rainy season is making progress slow now.

  3. Oh Blogger you screw me around but I had the intention of writing this comment so here I go again – hopefully this time it will work.

    What I said before Blogger decided to make my comment disappear into cyberspace is kudos to you for going to the Dominican Republic and working hard. Kudos to you for having an open mind and seeing past what other people would refuse to look at. Kudos to you for writing such an honest and brave post.

    Charity work is always complicated in so many ways, many times it questions our morals, our strengths, our view of the world. Sometimes our "interventions" are strangely received.

    However, what I think the world needs the most is posts like the one you just wrote, testimonials on what really goes in in remote places the general media forgets to report about.

    I really hope Green & Black's continue to support this community.

    That is more, or less what I wrote before Blogger died on me 😉

  4. Good on you for sharing this – I think yours {and the others on the trips} feedback is the most important part of this trip – or it should be to Green and Blacks. They need to know that in the future they shouldn't give their volunteers such high stakes to work to. They need to manage expectations better. Maybe they just need to be more realistic.
    But most importantly they probably need to do it again.

  5. Fashion Limbo Absolutely. I hope the communities are still supported after the project because there is always the possibility that the gravity-fed water system may not work.

    EmYou are right, sometimes the more contentious views need to be noted in order to make improvement for the following project.

  6. Such an interesting post Elizabeth and really well written.
    You're right about poverty not being down to just lack of funding…i'm surprised though with G&B. It must have been infuriating when you realised realistically the project, as laid out by G&B, wasnt going to be completed, and infuriating that they hadn't realised the amount of physical work you guys had to complete.

    Plus, you never hear about projects that 'fail' to meet their objectives do you?
    I think G&B should employ you to take charge…the job would definately be done, thats for sure.


  7. Lisa – thank you. Absolutely, it is rare that you will find someone willing to criticise a development programme that they have been a part of – who really wants to admit that they did not succeed?

    It was very frustrating to to not see the project completed, but also because I felt like I was the only one upset about that.

    And I'm not sure G&B would want to hire me after I have criticsed their programme!

  8. Interesting read and very very important that you put it out there. Feedback is vital, I hope they take it on board. x

  9. Very interesting to read. I am studying this sort of thing so am very aware of how "the West" often tries to white knight into developing countries but it is interesting to read a more personal perspective instead of a text book. I think it is still important that we try and offer our assistance in developing countries but with a more participative approach. The families you stayed with sounded grateful that you were there so that is a good start. Perhaps in future G&B need to do a bit more research into the practicalities. I am sure you could help them by offering them feedback.

    I wouldn't worry about the others in your group, they probably feel the same disappointment.

  10. Elizabeth, G&B hired you because of your expertise in the area of community development.

    You were entirely right to write this post, there is no point in doing these things without proper evaluation.

    I am proud of you. For going on expedition, for working you hardest, and for being honest enough to say 'It didn't work'. I hope Green & Black's learn from your experiences.

  11. I am SO glad you've posted this – Ive been discussing this with some friends recently, and we kind of reached the same conclusions as you . As you know I support Women of Action, a group in Bangladesh that support women over there to help them achieve education and independence. Something I feel quite strongly about as I run my own business and am aware I have been blessed with such freedom of choice, independence and autonomy.

    We must meet to talk about this, the networking stuff and the rest of the workd ! 😉

    Love you , Aunty Ali X

  12. Wow- brave post.

    I'm curious, have you fed this directly to G&B? I really think they need to hear this! It kinda sounds like they did this to pay lip service to the notion of development and not much more.

  13. Sarah BuckThanks Sarah, I really appreciate that.

    Missy Vintage I hope so too.

    Michelle Absolutely. I think more preparation research would be useful. But as this was the pilot expedition it was all very new for G&B, but then Raleigh International were the ones running it, and they are experts in this.

    Auntie Ali Thanks, and yes lots to talk about when we catch up.x.

    Hannah I did speak to some of them whilst I was out there, and there was a short questionnaire we filled out on the last night (when everyone was shagged and tired). But I do know that they read this blog, so hopefully some of this will be considered.

  14. Mmm interesting it seems both G&B and yourself have learnt alot from this project!!
    Good for you for speaking out.
    I hear from a dietician friend that since Kraft took G&B over the content of fat/sugar has increased and cocoa decreased???

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *